Managing safety is basically setting out to have a close look at the tasks carried out in the business, to recognise who may be harmed and how seriously (risk assessment), and to have a written outline (safety statement) of what solutions are needed to prevent the harm i.e. the control measures, and whoever is responsible for putting them into practice.
In most small businesses where the risk to workers is relatively low, specialist health and safety qualifications are not required to undertake a risk assessment. It may just require a responsible and competent business owner/manager who is aware of the possible risks and has put practical steps in place to minimise those risks.
Employees can provide valuable input to the process due to their experience and knowledge, which can be used when deciding on the precautions that need to be taken. Precautions are probably already in place, so the process may now be checking if these are sufficient and if further steps should be taken to protect people.
Low-risk smaller businesses will find it straightforward to complete the risk assessments and help to make their workplaces safer. However other businesses and particularly those working in high-risk sectors may need more resources and competency to manage safety and should seek help from a competent person as required.
Guidance on carrying out a Risk Assessment
Guidance on preparing a Safety Statement
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