- Exposure to infectious aerosols or infected patient body fluids.
- Adverse health effects.
- Hit by projectiles.
- Exposure to contrast agents during preparation and administration e.g. inoculation injury.
- Exposure to disinfectants.
- Cuts from metal crimps or broken glass contrast media bottles.
- Damaged, dropped or mishandled gas cylinders.
- Exposure to lead used as shielding in diagnostic imaging areas.
- Electric shock.
- Overloading of sockets.
- Faulty or badly maintained equipment.
- Pain in neck, back or arms.
- Musculoskeletal disorders such as carpel tunnel syndrome.
- Poor computer or workstation set up.
- Use of pinch grip when handling X-ray cassettes.
- Adapting awkward postures when positioning X-ray equipment.
- Genetic / cell / tissue damage.
- Reproductive health problems.
- Exposure to ionising radiation whilst carrying out X-ray scans, CT scans, fluoroscopy, mammography, angiocardiograms, radiotherapy or nuclear medicine procedures.
- Exposure following radioactive material spill such as a liquid spill on floor or clothing.
- Unintentional energising of X-ray tube.
- Physical damage leading to equipment malfunction or damage to shielding of irradiating apparatus.
- Inappropriate procedures.
- Contact with contaminated articles or waste.
- Failure to follow safe systems of work or restrict areas.
- Poor storage of radioactive sources.
Manual / Patient Handling
- Sprains, strain or back injuries.
- Lack of mechanical aids.
- Improper lifting or transfer technique.
- Hearing loss or damage.
- Physiological effects.
- Work-related stress.
- Increased risk of accidents.
- Exposure to noisy machines e.g. MRI equipment.
Non Ionising Radiation
- Exposure to magnetic fields whilst performing Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
- Staff with MR unsafe implants e.g. pacemakers.
- Ferromagnetic items pulled into the bore of the magnet.
Slips, Trips and Falls
- Physical injury ranging from minor cuts to more serious injury such as broken limbs.
- Damaged or uneven floors.
- Wet floor due to fluids, blood, vomit or other body fluids.
- Trailing cables.
Violence and Aggression
- Physical and / or psychological effects.
- Confused, uncooperative, disoriented or violent patients.
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Note: This is not an exhaustive list of hazards and risks.